Orthodontics is a specialized branch of dentistry that diagnoses, prevents, and treats dental and facial irregularities called malocclusions. Orthodontics includes dentofacial orthopedics, which is used to correct problems involving the growth of the jaw.
Crooked teeth and teeth that do not fit together correctly are harder to keep clean, are at risk of being lost early due to tooth decay
and periodontal disease
, and cause extra stress on the chewing muscles that can lead to headaches, TMJ syndrome and neck, shoulder and back pain. Teeth that are crooked or not in the right place can also detract from one's appearance.
The benefits of orthodontic treatment include a healthier mouth, a more pleasing appearance, and teeth that are more likely to last a lifetime. A specialist in this field is called an orthodontist
. Orthodontists receive two or more years of education beyond their years in Dental school in an approved orthodontic training program.
Developments in orthodontics include more convenient, comfortable and less noticeable appliances such as tiny ‘mini’ brackets ; ‘space age’ wires for braces developed through NASA, which require fewer replacements and,consequently, fewer appointments; clear, tooth-colored braces, or multi-colored brackets; retainers with a favorite logo or photo; "lingual" braces connected to the back of teeth for completely invisible treatment; and computer technology to diagnose and plan treatment.
At my orthodontic practise the ‘state of the art’ latest technology is provided to our patients,with the most modern techniques orthodontics has to offer.